A Hitchhikers Guide To Knodules

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NOTE: This article was originally published on Arturo Rodriguez Medium blog – see here.

Discover Knodules, the knowledge containers of the Secure Intelligent Knowledge Engine (SIKE), designed to revolutionise information management through modular organisation, sophisticated access controls, and innovative knowledge monetisation. This article examines the functionalities of Knodules, including their ability to enforce compliance, enable precise searches with advanced tagging, and manage data securely and efficiently.

Learn about SIKE’s user-friendly interface, which facilitates effective file management and robust access controls, allowing administrators to monitor resource utilisation and maintain operational efficiency. Explore how Knodules are transforming the landscape of information management.

What are Knodules?

Knodules are the backbone of the Secure Intelligent Knowledge Engine (SIKE), which organises all its information into modular units. These modules, or Knodules, are designed with sophisticated access controls, ensuring that only users with appropriate permissions can view the content. Additionally, SIKE meticulously tracks the costs associated with accessing each Knodule, paving the way for innovative knowledge-based services.

Key Features of Knodules:

  • Data Encapsulation: Knodules help in securing data by encapsulating it within well-defined modules.
  • Knowledge Monetisation: They provide a framework for monetising information by controlling access and usage.
  • Access Restriction: Access to information is strictly regulated, enhancing security and compliance.

Accessing Information in Knodules

Information within a Knodule is retrievable through a Retrieval-Augmented-Generation (RAG) pattern. Here’s how it works in practice:

Example: Enforcing Compliance with Corporate Policies Using PromptFlows

To ensure content generation complies with company policies stored within a Knodule, you can use the following settings in PromptFlows:

					- context: $personal$
- thread: 1
- model: gpt-4
- prompt: compliance
    - module: policies
      description: |
        1. "policies" is a RAG tool.
        2. Use the "policies" RAG tool to search for any topic or context related to policies.
        3. If there are more than one subject, create several queries, one query per subject. 
        4. For example if the query is about A and/or B then first ask about A then B.
  temperature: 0
  instructions: |
    rewrite the following text such that it complies with the corporate policies

Advanced Search Capabilities

Each piece of data within a Knodule is tagged with custom categories, allowing for precise and targeted searches. This categorisation aids in deploying advanced vector search techniques within the information stored in Knodules.

Developers can specify desired tags to refine searches and tailor outputs towards “external_communications”, as demonstrated in the following configuration for a PromptFlows query:

    - module: policies
      description: |
        1. "policies" is a RAG tool.
        2. Use the "policies" RAG tool to search for any topic or context related to policies.
        3. If there are more than one subject, create several queries, one query per subject. 
        4. For example if the query is about A and/or B then first ask about A then B.
      tags: [external_communications]


While SIKE provides robust Web API access to all functionalities associated with Knodules, this section highlights how the SIKE user interface facilitates these interactions:


Here’s how users can manage files within the SIKE knowledge base:

  • Adding Files: Easily upload files to integrate them into the designated Knodules for structured access and organisation.
  • Deleting Files: Remove files as needed to keep the knowledge base current and relevant.

Access & Token Spend Tracking

The user interface enables Knodule administrators to set specific access permissions:

  • Member Permissions: Grant read-only access, allowing users to view but not modify the content within Knodules.
  • Admin Permissions: Allow designated administrators the capability to add or delete files, providing them with full control over the content.

Administrators can monitor and manage the token usage of each user, which is calculated based on the number of tokens utilised when executing prompts using the Retrieval-Augmented-Generation (RAG) feature on a Knodule. This functionality helps in overseeing resource utilisation and maintaining cost efficiency within the SIKE platform.


In conclusion, Knodules represent a significant advancement in the realm of information management, encapsulated within the Secure Intelligent Knowledge Engine (SIKE). By leveraging modular design, sophisticated access controls, and innovative monetisation strategies, Knodules not only enhance data security and compliance but also introduce a new paradigm in knowledge management. As we continue to explore and refine the capabilities of SIKE, the potential for further innovation remains vast, promising to transform how organisations manage, access, and benefit from their data in an increasingly digital world.


For more information on SIKE, please check out the details here (or email us at we@notcentralised.com).

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Mark drives innovation with his deep understanding of AI, blockchain, and data technologies. His experience spans over 15 years of contributions to finance, technology, and operational strategy across Australia, Europe, and North America.

In 2021, he transitioned from Head of Data and Technology at a leading Australian accounting firm to startups. Prior to this, he worked in equity and macroeconomic research in the capital markets space.

Mark brings a passion for data and insights to NotCentralised. His understanding of AI and blockchain technology is central to the development of workplace productivity and financial system modernisation products, including SIKE and Layer-C. Mark’s dynamic and solutions-focused methods enable the navigation of complex technological landscapes and new market potentials.

Mark holds an Executive Master’s and a Bachelor of Commerce. He led the creation of the Australian DeFi Association and serves on the advisory board for the Data Science and AI Association of Australia. His commitment to such communities demonstrates his enthusiasm for emerging technologies and vision of positive change through technology adoption.


Nick spearheads product strategy and institutional business development, leveraging a rich background spanning 23 years in capital markets and financial services across the UK, the US, and APAC.

In 2020, Nick transitioned into startups, bringing extensive experience in asset management and corporate advisory from roles including Director, Head of Australian Fixed Income at Abrdn and Managing Director, Head of Corporate Credit at Gresham Partners. His expertise extends to client management across the government and private sectors.

With a First Class degree in Law and Criminology and Chartered Financial Analyst experience since 2002, Nick is known for his energetic and creative approach, quickly appraising business models and identifying market opportunities.

Beyond his role at NotCentralised, Nick actively contributes to multiple startups and SMEs, holding various Board and advisory positions and applying his institutional expertise to early-stage ventures. Nick is fascinated by emerging technologies with significant societal impact and loves to immerse himself in nature.


Arturo leads product development and software engineering, applying over two decades of experience in technology, capital markets, and data science. With his years of programming expertise, Arturo smoothly transitioned into blockchain, AI, and machine learning.

Arturo has built and sold technology startups across Europe, following quant derivatives roles in global investment banks. His prior experience includes data projects for the NHS in the UK, Strategic Technology Advisor at Land Insight, and Senior Advisor to OpenInsight, where he built predictive models for vessel usage in commodity markets.

A mathematics and statistics graduate from Stockholm University, Arturo’s early grounding in logic problems and data manipulation techniques is evident in his practical applications. His work building equity derivative pricing models for Merrill Lynch and Royal Bank of Scotland showcased Arturo’s highly specialised skillset.

Arturo relocated from London to Australia in 2020. Beyond NotCentralised, his passion for technology and industry involvement extends to the Australian DeFi Association, which he co-founded, and regular contributions to the Data Science and AI Association.