Blockchain and Hip-Hop: Remixing, Reimagining, and Reinventing

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Sampling in hip-hop has long been an integral part of the genre’s DNA. From the subtle intertwining of different beats to the complete transformation of a melody, sampling creates a sonic tapestry that echoes past works while singing a new tune. Watching the latest season of Black Mirror (Season 6, Episode 2), this was made quite clear when the notes of Melanie Safka’s “People in the Front Row” started playing and I realised that Australian hip hop group, Hilltop Hoods sampled her music to create their iconic track “Nosebleed Section”. Musicians throughout history have cleverly repurposed and built upon existing works to bring forth new creativity.

Here’s the Hilltop Hoods:

and Melanie Safka for inspiration:

The essence of this practice bears striking similarities to the development and implementation of open-source technologies in the digital age, particularly blockchain. Blockchain technology is a shared, immutable ledger that allows multiple parties to have a single version of the truth. This concept is not entirely new; it builds upon years of research and development in cryptography, computer science, and economics. However, it is the innovative application of these existing components that makes blockchain revolutionary, much like a reimagined sample breathes new life into a hip-hop track.

Open-source technologies and sampling music share a foundational principle: both are built on the idea of communal creativity and shared innovation. In the same way that a sampled melody opens up a dialogue between artists, open-source software allows developers to learn from each other’s code, adapt it, and create something fresh and innovative.

Take Bitcoin, for instance. This blockchain-based cryptocurrency wasn’t born in a vacuum. Its conceptual foundation can be traced back to the 1980s and 1990s when technologists and cryptographers were experimenting with ideas such as digital cash and cryptographic protocols. Satoshi Nakamoto sampled these building blocks of knowledge to create the Bitcoin protocol, much like a DJ remixing different tracks to create a new sound.

Blockchain technology, akin to the art of sampling in hip-hop, also empowers us to create and innovate by revisiting, reusing, and redefining existing systems. By doing so, we’re not only able to overcome previous technological limitations, but we’re also able to generate innovative solutions to persistent challenges.

The potential for blockchain to redefine finance and commerce is monumental. For instance, financial transactions, traditionally reliant on a central authority like a bank, could become decentralised, faster, and more transparent with blockchain technology. Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum exemplify this, offering a new form of global, decentralised currency that operates independently of central banks.

Furthermore, blockchain-based smart contracts can automate contractual obligations, reducing the need for intermediaries and minimising fraud. Companies like Chainlink have leveraged this technology to create decentralised oracle networks that provide real-world data to smart contracts, thereby enabling a new realm of blockchain-based applications.

In a similar vein, non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have been disrupting the art and music industries by providing blockchain-based proof of ownership. Artists can now sell their digital artwork directly to consumers, retaining more profits and control over their intellectual property. This echoes the ethos of sampling and remixing, where artists reimagine existing work to create something uniquely their own.

Consider, for instance, the potential of blockchain to reinvent supply chain management. Existing systems often struggle with transparency and traceability issues, resulting in inefficiencies and fraud. However, by ‘sampling’ these traditional models and ‘remixing’ them with blockchain, we can create a system that offers full transparency and real-time tracking, thereby drastically reducing fraud and enhancing efficiency.

Much like the continuous innovation seen in the world of music, where artists push boundaries through new interpretations of pre-existing works, blockchain also encourages perpetual evolution. It’s an ongoing conversation between past, present, and future — a harmonious blend of respect for tradition and thirst for innovation.

Blockchain and Hip-Hop

As we look towards the future, the melody of blockchain — like the rhythm of hip-hop — will continue to evolve and reinvent itself, leveraging the power of ‘sampling’ to bring forth new solutions and paradigms. By reimagining what is possible, we can transform not just music and technology, but the very way we interact with the world around us.

To remix, to sample, to build upon the old to create the new — this is the shared beat that pulses through hip-hop and blockchain, driving innovation and pushing us towards new horizons.

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Mark drives innovation with his deep understanding of AI, blockchain, and data technologies. His experience spans over 15 years of contributions to finance, technology, and operational strategy across Australia, Europe, and North America.

In 2021, he transitioned from Head of Data and Technology at a leading Australian accounting firm to startups. Prior to this, he worked in equity and macroeconomic research in the capital markets space.

Mark brings a passion for data and insights to NotCentralised. His understanding of AI and blockchain technology is central to the development of workplace productivity and financial system modernisation products, including SIKE and Layer-C. Mark’s dynamic and solutions-focused methods enable the navigation of complex technological landscapes and new market potentials.

Mark holds an Executive Master’s and a Bachelor of Commerce. He led the creation of the Australian DeFi Association and serves on the advisory board for the Data Science and AI Association of Australia. His commitment to such communities demonstrates his enthusiasm for emerging technologies and vision of positive change through technology adoption.


Nick spearheads product strategy and institutional business development, leveraging a rich background spanning 23 years in capital markets and financial services across the UK, the US, and APAC.

In 2020, Nick transitioned into startups, bringing extensive experience in asset management and corporate advisory from roles including Director, Head of Australian Fixed Income at Abrdn and Managing Director, Head of Corporate Credit at Gresham Partners. His expertise extends to client management across the government and private sectors.

With a First Class degree in Law and Criminology and Chartered Financial Analyst experience since 2002, Nick is known for his energetic and creative approach, quickly appraising business models and identifying market opportunities.

Beyond his role at NotCentralised, Nick actively contributes to multiple startups and SMEs, holding various Board and advisory positions and applying his institutional expertise to early-stage ventures. Nick is fascinated by emerging technologies with significant societal impact and loves to immerse himself in nature.


Arturo leads product development and software engineering, applying over two decades of experience in technology, capital markets, and data science. With his years of programming expertise, Arturo smoothly transitioned into blockchain, AI, and machine learning.

Arturo has built and sold technology startups across Europe, following quant derivatives roles in global investment banks. His prior experience includes data projects for the NHS in the UK, Strategic Technology Advisor at Land Insight, and Senior Advisor to OpenInsight, where he built predictive models for vessel usage in commodity markets.

A mathematics and statistics graduate from Stockholm University, Arturo’s early grounding in logic problems and data manipulation techniques is evident in his practical applications. His work building equity derivative pricing models for Merrill Lynch and Royal Bank of Scotland showcased Arturo’s highly specialised skillset.

Arturo relocated from London to Australia in 2020. Beyond NotCentralised, his passion for technology and industry involvement extends to the Australian DeFi Association, which he co-founded, and regular contributions to the Data Science and AI Association.